cataract risk factors and prevention
Factors that may lead to development of cataracts include:
- Excessive ultraviolet-light exposure
- Advanced Age
- Certain medications such as oral, topical or inhaled steroids
- Severe trauma to the eye, eye surgery, or intraocular inflammation
Genetics may be another risk factor for developing cataracts. People with a family history are more likely to develop them. The color of your eye may also contribute to the development of cataracts. People with darker-colored irises appear to have an increased risk of developing cataracts.
There is no real effective way to prevent cataracts from forming, but secondary measures include:
- Wear sunglasses with 100% UV protection. Reducing exposure to harmful UV radiation can help slow the progression of cataracts.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle by following a proper diet, getting regular exercise and rest, and not smoking.
- When participating in active sports, wear protective eye gear to prevent eye trauma.
- Have regular eye exams which can provide early detection of cataracts.
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