cataract risk factors and prevention

Factors that may lead to development of cataracts include:

  • Excessive ultraviolet-light exposure
  • Advanced Age
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Certain medications such as oral, topical or inhaled steroids
  • Severe trauma to the eye, eye surgery, or intraocular inflammation

Genetics may be another risk factor for developing cataracts. People with a family history are more likely to develop them. The color of your eye may also contribute to the development of cataracts. People with darker-colored irises appear to have an increased risk of developing cataracts.

There is no real effective way to prevent cataracts from forming, but secondary measures include:

  • Wear sunglasses with 100% UV protection. Reducing exposure to harmful UV radiation can help slow the progression of cataracts.
  • Lead a healthy lifestyle by following a proper diet, getting regular exercise and rest, and not smoking.
  • When participating in active sports, wear protective eye gear to prevent eye trauma.
  • Have regular eye exams which can provide early detection of cataracts. 

Click here
 to schedule an eye exam at one of our 3 Eyes On Missouri Locations, or call 1-866-648-EYES.